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His parents were Jewish. He followed Kwast to three institutions and credited him with the whole basis of his musical development.
Inhe met Gustav Mahler while conducting the off-stage brass Philharmonia Orchestra - The Nine Symphonies a performance of Mahler's Symphony No. He also made a piano reduction of the second symphony.
Later, inKlemperer assisted Mahler in the premiere of his Symphony No. Klemperer went on to hold a number of positions, in Hamburg — ; in Barmen — ; the Strasbourg Opera — ; the Cologne Opera — ; and the Wiesbaden Opera House — From tohe was conductor at the Kroll Opera in Berlin.
Their daughter Lotte was born on 1 November When the Nazi Party had reached power inKlemperer left Germany shortly afterwards and moved to the United States. He had previously converted to Catholicism,  but returned to Judaism at the end of his life.
While in Los Angeles, he 2nd Movement: Allegretto - Beethoven* - Otto Klemperer to concentrate more on the standard works of the Germanic repertoire that would later bring his greatest acclaim, particularly the works of BeethovenBrahms and Gustav Mahlerthough he gave the Los Angeles premieres of some of fellow Los Angeles resident Arnold Schoenberg's works with the Philharmonic.
He also visited other countries, including England and Australia. While the orchestra responded well to his leadership, Klemperer had a difficult time adjusting to life and climate in Southern California, a situation exacerbated by repeated manic-depressive episodes, reportedly as a result of severe cyclothymic bipolar disorder. He also found that the dominant musical culture and leading music critics in the United States were largely unsympathetic to modern music from Weimar 's Golden Age, and he felt both the music and his support of it were not properly appreciated.
The New York decision was particularly galling, as Klemperer had been engaged to conduct the first fourteen weeks of the New York Philharmonic's season, and Toscanini himself had suggested Klemperer as a possible replacement.
Klemperer's bitterness at this decision was voiced in a letter he wrote to Arthur Judson, who managed the orchestra: "that the society did not reengage me is the strongest offense, the sharpest insult to me as artist, which I can imagine. You see, I am no youngster.
I have a name and a good name. One could not use me in a most difficult season and then expell me. This non-reengagement will have very bad results not only for me in New York but in the whole world This non-reengagement is an absolutely unjustified wrong done to me by the Philharmonic Society. Then, after completing the Los Angeles Philharmonic summer season at the Hollywood BowlKlemperer was visiting Boston and was diagnosed with a brain tumor; the subsequent surgery to remove "a tumour the size of a small orange" left him partially paralyzed.
He went into a deep depression and was placed in an institution from which he escaped. The New York Times ran a cover story declaring him missing, and after he was found in New Jersey, a humiliating photo of him behind bars was printed in the Herald Tribune. Though he would occasionally conduct the Philharmonic after that, I Want To Be Happy - Various - Dutch Jazz Collection (Box Set) lost the post of Music Philharmonia Orchestra - The Nine Symphonies. In the early s, Klemperer experienced difficulties arising from his US citizenship.
American union policies made it difficult for him to record in Europe, while his left-wing views made him increasingly unpopular with the State Department and FBI. Inthe US refused to renew his passport; inKlemperer returned to Europe and acquired a German passport.
Klemperer's career was revitalized in by the London-based record producer Walter Leggewho recorded Klemperer conducting Beethoven, Brahms and much more, with the Philharmonia Orchestrawhich he Slängpolska Efter Bysskalle - Benny Anderssons Orkester, Helen Sjöholm, Tommy Körberg - BAO På Turné, for the EMI label.
Klemperer became the first principal conductor of the Philharmonia in He settled in Switzerland. He also worked at the Royal Opera House Covent Gardensometimes stage-directing as well as conducting, as in a production of Richard Wagner 's Lohengrin. Klemperer also conducted Mozart's The Magic Flute there in A severe fall during a visit to Montreal in forced Klemperer to conduct seated in a chair. A severe burn further paralyzed him, which resulted from his smoking in bed and trying to douse the flames with the contents of a bottle of spirits of camphor nearby.
Through Klemperer's problems with his health, the tireless and unwavering support and assistance of Klemperer's daughter Lotte were crucial to his success. One of his last concert tours was to Jerusalema couple of years after the Six-Day Warat which time he was awarded an Israeli honorary passport. During this tour he took Israeli citizenship. He retired from conducting in His son, Werner Klempererwas a Hollywood actor. He tried at times to get his works performed, as he had hopes of being remembered as a composer as well as a Philharmonia Orchestra - The Nine Symphonies, but had little success.
The works he composed have generally fallen into neglect since his death, although commercial recordings have occasionally been made of some of his symphonic works. Many listeners associate Klemperer with slow tempos, but recorded evidence shows that in earlier years his tempi could be quite a bit faster.
For example, one of Klemperer's most noted performances was of Beethoven 's Symphony No. Eric Grunin's Eroica Project contains tempo data on recordings of the work from —, and includes 10 Philharmonia Orchestra - The Nine Symphonies Klemperer — some recorded in the studio, most from broadcasts of live concerts.
The earliest Klemperer performance on tape was recorded in concert in Cologne in when he was 69 years old ; the last was in London with the New Philharmonia Orchestra in when he was The passing years show a clear trend with respect to tempo: as Klemperer aged, he took slower tempi.
Inhis first movement lasts from beginning to end; in it lasts In the main tempo of the first movement was about beats per minute, in it had slowed to about beats per minute.
Inthe Eroica second movement, "Funeral March", had a timing of ; init had slowed to Similar slowings took place in the other movements. AroundHerbert von Karajan flew especially to hear Klemperer conduct a performance of the Eroicaand later he said to him: "I have come only to thank you, and say that I hope I shall live to conduct the Funeral March as well as you have done".
Similar, if less extreme, reductions in tempi can be noted in many other works for which Klemperer left multiple recordings, at least in recordings from when he was in his late 70s and his 80s.
For example:. In his studio March recording of the same work with the Philharmonia recorded when he was 77 years oldthe timings are notably 2nd Movement: Allegretto - Beethoven* - Otto Klemperer I. Unlike the late Eroicathe Prague is not notably slow; rather, the Philharmonia Orchestra - The Nine Symphonies is much faster than most recordings of the work, even by 2nd Movement: Allegretto - Beethoven* - Otto Klemperer informed" conductors.
A concert recording with Concertgebouw Orchestra has timings of I. Again, the is not a notably slow performance, but the was quick. Klemperer's finale is particularly slow-paced atwhere the average timing is approx. Regardless of tempo, Klemperer's performances often maintain great intensity, and are richly detailed. Eric Grunin, in a commentary on the "opinions" page of his Eroica Projectnotes: " The massiveness of the first movement of the Eroica is real, but is not its main claim on our attention.
That honor goes to its astonishing story structureand what is to me most unique about Klemperer is that his understanding of the structure remains unchanged no matter what his tempo The German works of Kurt Weill were amongst Klemperer's favorites and he encouraged Weill to compose the orchestral suite Kleine Dreigroschenmusik.
Klemperer made many recordings that have become classics. Among those worthy of note [ clarification needed 2nd Movement: Allegretto - Beethoven* - Otto Klemperer are:.
Klemperer's last recording, of Mozart's Serenade in E-flat, K. Maggie Lee Blues - Johnny Shines / Blind Will Dukes - ´Country Blues´ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the physicist, see Otto Klemperer physicist. German conductor and composer. This section possibly contains original research.
Philharmonia Orchestra - The Nine Symphonies improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Musical Sketchbook. Oxford: Cassirer. Retrieved 10 April The Independent. Retrieved 13 April Otto Klemperer, His Life and Times: Cambridge University Press.
Retrieved Thomas Schumacher - Kickschool 79 / Brut Royal July The Classical Series Jerusalem Symphony. Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 27 September Los Angeles Philharmonic Music Directors. Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Music Directors. Music directors of the Montreal Symphony Orchestra. Philharmonia Principal Conductors.
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