Label: Square - SQ/513 • Format: Vinyl LP • Country: Brazil • Genre: Rock, Pop • Style: Pop Rock
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in They also pioneered recording techniquesadvanced new methods of artistic presentation, and were commonly viewed as Because - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits of the era's sociocultural movements.
Led by the band's primary songwriters, Lennon and McCartneythe Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period frominitially with Stuart Sutcliffe playing bass. The core trio of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison, who had been together sincewent through a succession of drummers, including Pete Bestbefore asking Starr to join them in Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act, and producer George Martin guided and developed their recordings, greatly expanding their domestic success after their first hit, " Love Me Do ", in late As their popularity grew into the intense fan frenzy dubbed " Beatlemania ", the band acquired the nickname "the Fab Four", with Epstein, Martin and other members of the band's entourage sometimes given the informal title of " fifth Beatle ".
The Beatles were international stars by earlyleading the " British Invasion " of the United States pop market and breaking numerous sales records. They soon made their film debut with A Hard Day's Night From onwards, they produced increasingly innovative recordings, including the albums Rubber SoulRevolver and Sgt. Inthey founded Apple Corpsa multi-armed multimedia corporation that continues to oversee projects related to the band's legacy.
After the group's break-up inall four members enjoyed success as solo artists. Lennon was shot and killed in Decemberand Harrison died of lung cancer in November McCartney and Starr remain musically active. The Beatles are the best-selling music artist in historywith estimated sales of over million physical and digital albums worldwide.
They are the best-selling music artists in the USwith certified sales of over million units, and have had more number-one albums on the UK Albums Chartand have sold more singles in the UK, than any other act. The group were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inand all four main members were inducted individually between and Inthe group topped Billboard 's list of the all-time most successful artists on the Billboard Hot ; as of[update] Because - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits Beatles hold the record for most number-one hits on the Billboard Hot chart with twenty.
They were also collectively included in Time magazine's 20th century compilation of the Most Important People of the Century. They briefly called themselves the Blackjacks, before changing their name to the Quarrymen after discovering that a respected local group was already using the other name. The fifteen-year-old auditioned for Lennon, impressing him with his playing, but Lennon The Cure - John Martyn - The Hidden Years thought Harrison was too young for the band.
After a month of Harrison's persistence, during a second meeting arranged by McCartneyhe performed the lead guitar part of the instrumental song " Raunchy " on the upper deck Because - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits a Liverpool bus,  and they enlisted him as their lead guitarist. By early July, they had refashioned themselves as the Silver Beatles, and by the middle of August shortened the name to The Beatles.
Allan Williamsthe Beatles' unofficial manager, arranged a residency for them in HamburgBecause - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits lacking a full-time drummer they auditioned and hired Pete Best in mid-August Koschmider had converted a couple of strip clubs in the district into music venues, and he initially placed the Beatles at the Indra Club.
After closing Indra due to noise complaints, he moved them to the Kaiserkeller in October. During the next two years, the Beatles were resident for periods in Hamburg, where they used Preludin both recreationally and to maintain their energy through all-night performances.
After the Beatles completed their second Hamburg residency, they enjoyed increasing popularity in Liverpool with the growing Merseybeat movement. However, they were also growing tired of the monotony of numerous appearances at the same clubs night after Because - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits . They were fresh, and they were honest, and they had what I thought was a sort of presence Epstein courted the band over the next couple of months, and they appointed him as their manager in January He eventually negotiated a one-month-early release from their contract in exchange for one last recording session in Hamburg.
Epstein began negotiations with record labels for a recording contract. In order to secure a UK record contract, Epstein negotiated an early end to the band's contract with Polydor, in exchange for more recordings backing Tony Sheridan. I Love You ". Martin initially selected the Starr version of "Love Me Do" for the band's first single, though subsequent re-pressings featured the White version, with Starr on tambourine. In Decemberthe Beatles concluded their fifth and final Hamburg residency.
He'd tell us that jeans were not particularly smart and could we possibly manage to wear proper trousers, but he didn't want us suddenly looking square. He'd let us have our own sense of individuality. The album was supplemented by the four tracks already released on their first two singles. Martin originally considered recording the Beatles' debut LP live at The Cavern Club, but after deciding that the building's acoustics were inadequate, he elected to simulate a "live" album with minimal production in "a single marathon session at Abbey Road".
Released in Januarytwo months ahead of the album of the same name, the song reached number one on every UK chart except Record Retailer How Many Times - Bob Marley - Freedom Songs, where it peaked at number two. Recalling how the Panaderos Flamencos - Steglitzer Gitarren Ensemble, Hansjoachim Kaps - Steglitzer Gitarren Ensemble "rushed to deliver a debut album, bashing out Please Please Me in a day", AllMusic 's Stephen Thomas Erlewine comments, "Decades after its release, the album still sounds fresh, precisely because of its intense origins.
And the words were almost irrelevant. Released in Marchthe album initiated a run during which eleven of their twelve studio albums released in the United Kingdom through to reached number one. Their commercial success brought increased media exposure, to which the Beatles responded with an irreverent and comical attitude that defied the expectations of pop musicians at the time, inspiring even more interest.
Greeted with riotous enthusiasm by screaming fans, the press dubbed the phenomenon " Beatlemania ". In late October, the Beatles began a five-day tour of Swedentheir first time abroad since the final Hamburg engagement of December Around 50 to journalists and photographers, as well as representatives from the BBCalso joined the airport reception, the first of more than such events.
Please Please Me maintained the top position on the Record Retailer chart for 30 weeks, only to be displaced by its follow-up, With the Beatles which EMI released on 22 November to record advance orders ofcopies. The LP topped a half-million albums sold in one week. In a reversal of then standard practice, EMI released the album ahead of the impending single " I Want to Hold Your Hand ", with the song excluded to maximise the single's sales.
EMI's American subsidiary, Capitol Recordshindered the Beatles' releases in the United States for more than a year by initially declining Into Eternity - Julie Laughs Nomore - Julie Laughs Nomore issue their music, including their first three singles. Concurrent negotiations with the independent US label Vee-Jay led to the release of some of the songs inbut not all.
The Beatlesculled from most of the songs of Parlophone's Please Please Mebut a management shake-up led to the album not being released.
The record received some airplay in the Tidewater area of Virginia by Gene Loving of radio station WGH and was featured on the "Rate-a-Record" segment of American Bandstandbut it failed to catch on nationally.
This caused an increase in demand, leading Capitol to bring forward the release of "I Want to Hold Your Hand" by three weeks. The Beatles  to go along with Capitol's debut album, Meet the Beatles! On 7 Februarythe Beatles left the United Kingdom with an estimated 4, fans gathered at Heathrow, waving and screaming as the aircraft took off.
Kennedy Airportan uproarious crowd estimated at Keep It Warm - Flo & Eddie - Keep It Warm, greeted them.
Biographer Jonathan Gould writes that, according to the Nielsen rating service, it was "the largest audience that had ever been recorded for an American television program ". The Beatles' first visit to the United States took place when the nation was still mourning the assassination of President John F. Kennedy the previous November.
The group's popularity generated Because - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits interest in British music, and a number of other UK acts subsequently made their own American debuts, successfully touring over the next three years in what was termed the British Invasion.
Capitol Records' lack of interest throughout did not go unnoticed, and a competitor, United Artists Recordsencouraged Po Folks Christmas - Bill Anderson And The Po Boys* - Po Folks Christmas film division to offer the Beatles a three-motion-picture deal, primarily for the commercial potential of the soundtracks in the US.
United Artists released a full soundtrack album for the North American market, combining Beatles songs and Martin's orchestral score; elsewhere, the group's third studio LP, A Hard Day's Nightcontained songs from the film on side one and other new recordings on side two.
All of the disparate influences on their first two albums coalesced into a bright, joyous, original sound, filled with ringing guitars and irresistible melodies. To many of Dylan's followers in the folk music scene, the Beatles were seen as idolaters, not idealists.
During the US tour, the group were confronted with the reality of racial segregation in the country at the time, particularly in the South. I'd sooner lose our appearance money. According to Gould, Beatles for Salethe Beatles' fourth studio LP, evidenced a growing conflict between the commercial pressures of their global success and their creative ambitions. Released in early December, its eight original compositions stood out, demonstrating the growing maturity of the Lennon—McCartney songwriting partnership.
I was pretty stunned for a month or two. Harrison's use of psychedelic drugs encouraged his path to meditation and Hinduism. He commented: "For me, it was like a flash. The first time I had acidit just opened up something in my head that was inside of me, and I realized a lot of things.
I didn't learn them because I already Because - Flowers - England - Lennon & Mc Cartney The Greatest Hits them, but that happened Just A Moment - DJ Neil Armstrong - Original All Out King - AOK Part 6 be the key that opened the door to reveal them. From the moment I had that, I wanted to have it all the time — these thoughts about the yogis and the Himalayas, and Ravi's music.
Described as "mainly a relentless spoof of Bond ",  it inspired a mixed response among both reviewers and the band. McCartney said: " Help! It was fun, but basically, as an idea for a film, it was a bit wrong. The group's third US tour opened with a performance before a world-record crowd of 55, at New York's Shea Stadium on 15 August — "perhaps the most famous of all Beatles' concerts", in Lewisohn's description. At a show in Atlanta, the Beatles gave one of the first live performances ever to make use of a foldback system of on-stage monitor speakers.
In mid-Octoberthe Beatles entered the recording studio; for the first time when making an album, they had an extended period without other major commitments. Now we were really beginning to think about albums as a bit of art on their own. And because they were writing different material, we were playing differently.
As their lyrics grew more artful, fans began to study them for deeper meaning. Of "Norwegian Wood" Lennon commented: "I was trying to be sophisticated in writing about an affair While many of Rubber Soul ' s prominent songs were the product of Lennon and McCartney's collaborative songwriting,  it also featured distinct compositions from each,  though they continued to share official credit. The song " In My Life ", of which each later claimed lead authorship, is considered a highlight of the entire Lennon—McCartney catalogue.
Capitol Records, from December when it began issuing Beatles recordings for the US market, exercised complete control over format,  compiling distinct US albums from the band's recordings and issuing songs of their choosing as singles.
It has been incorrectly suggested that this was meant as a satirical response to the way Capitol had "butchered" the US versions of their albums. During a tour of the Philippines the month after the Yesterday and Today furore, the Beatles unintentionally snubbed the nation's first lady, Imelda Marcoswho had expected them to attend a breakfast reception at the Presidential Palace.
The resulting riots endangered the group and they escaped the country with difficulty. Almost as soon Biblical Prophecy - Moths & Locusts - Helios Rising they returned home, the Beatles faced a fierce backlash from US religious and social conservatives as well as the Ku Klux Klan over a comment Lennon had made in a March interview with British reporter Maureen Cleave.
I needn't argue about that; I'm right and I will be proved right. Jesus was alright but his disciples were thick and ordinary. It's them twisting it that ruins it for me. As preparations were made for the US tour, the Beatles knew that their music would hardly be heard. Having originally used Vox AC30 amplifiers, they later acquired more powerful watt amplifiers, specially designed by Vox for them as they moved into larger venues inbut these were still inadequate.
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