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Herman Andimba Toivo ya Toivo 22 August — 9 June was a Namibian anti- apartheid activist, politician and political prisoner. Back in Namibia he became one of the early petitioners to the United Nationsadvocating for the independence of Namibia. Due to his political activism he was tried in under the Terrorism Actand sentenced to 20 years in prison. He served 16 years in Robben Island in the same section as Nelson Mandelato whom he was a personal friend.
Ya Toivo returned to Namibia in in the wake of the country's independence and served as a Member of Parliament and as a Cabinet Minister in Sam Nujoma 's first government. He retired from active politics in Ya Toivo is a national hero of Namibia. He fought on the British side of the Allied Forces. My lord, you found it necessary to brand me a coward. During the Second World War, when it became evident that both my country and your country were threatened by the dark clouds of What I Like - Ruff Side Playaz - Still Hungry, I risked my life to defend both of them, wearing a uniform with orange bands on it.
But some of your countrymen, when called to battle to defend civilisation, resorted to sabotage against their own fatherland. I volunteered to face German bullets, and as a guard of military installations, both in South West Africa and the Republic, was prepared to be the victim of their sabotage. Today, they are our masters and are considered the heroes, and I am called the coward. After the war he worked on a farm near Kalkfeld until he came back to Odibo and attended school at St Mary's Mission School to learn English.
He completed Standard 6 but stayed on untilgraduating as a teacher, whereafter he Def Touch - Freak It / Work It operated a store at Ondangwa. Mary's Odibo before travelling to South Africa for further studies in Toivo left for Cape Town in and was employed as a railway police officer between and He became the Deputy Chairman of the MYS, which organized festivals, lectures, discussion groups and night schools for activists who pursued further education.
He also established close contacts with the two South African parties the Congress of Democrats and the Liberal Party. The organization also mobilized against the incorporation of Namibia into South Africa, and therefore shared a political allegiance with other organizations in Various - Hit-Fabrik - 28 Schlager Am Laufenden Band Africa.
Consequently, he was deported from Cape Town, first to Keetmanshoop and Windhoek and later to Ovamboland, where he was placed under house arrest in his Takaisin - Maucca & Jelo - Toivo village Okaloko. Members and supporters of OPO were also members of the congregation.
The people, church and national liberation movement coincided. Because of his political activities in Takaisin - Maucca & Jelo - Toivo of Namibian independence, Toivo was arrested in by the South African authorities.
In his trial in AugustThe state v. Tuhadeleni and 36 Othershe appeared as Accused No. Ephraim Kapolo died during the trial in Pretoria. The speech he made on behalf of his group after his conviction gained renown for its pronouncements denying South Africa the right to try Southwest African citizens or to rule their country.
His speech from the dock made headlines and became an internationally circulated key document to rally support for the Namibian liberation struggle. Toivo was held in solitary confinement in Pretoria for more than a year before the sentence.
On 26 Januaryhe was sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment by the Pretoria Supreme Court. He was incarcerated at Robben Islandnear Cape Townwhere he spent much of his time isolated from his fellow countrymen. As a prisoner he was not an easy fellow, never showing remorse and often up for a fight with the authorities.
Fellow Robben Island inmate Mike Dingake remembers: . A few meters from my cell, [ Andimba unleashed a hard Jodey Kendrick - +10 smack on the young warder's cheek, sending [his] cap flying and the young warder wailing 'Die kaffer het my geslaan'" [The nigger beat Seeds Of Fire - Abominant - Conquest. Later during his prison term Ya Toivo was transferred to Section D where other anti-apartheid activists were serving their sentences.
He met Nelson Mandela there, and the two became personal friends. Of all his fellow Namibian guerrillas he was serving the longest sentence on the notorious Robben Island prison. Toivo avoided this conflict, "settling" for the post of Minister of Mines and Energy, leaving Nujoma the presidency. Toivo was a SWAPO member of the Constituent Assemblywhich was in place from November to Marchimmediately prior Тройка - 2 = Troika-2 - Various - Жизнь Цыганская Часть―2 = Zhiznj Zyganskaja Vol.
2 independence,   and upon independence in March he became a member of the National Assembly. He chose not to run for a seat in the National Assembly again at the time of the electionsaying that he had "done enough". Toivo denied being linked to the RDP, but the claim was believed to have influenced the vote. After retiring from active politics, Toivo devoted his time to his wife, Vicki Erenstein, an American labor lawyer, and two daughters, Mutaleni and Nashikoto, and ran various businesses.
He died on the evening of 9 June Takaisin - Maucca & Jelo - Toivo his home in Windhoek at the age of 92 years. Ya Toivo was declared a national hero of Namibia and accorded a state funeral in Windhoek's Heroes' Acre. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Andimba Toivo ya Toivo. We do not now, and will not in the future, recognise your right to govern us; to make laws for us, in which we had no say; to treat our country as if it was your property and us as if you are our masters.
We have always regarded South Africa as an intruder in our country. This is how we have always felt and this is how we feel now and it is on this basis that we have faced Takaisin - Maucca & Jelo - Toivo trial'. Takaisin - Maucca & Jelo - Toivo Namibian. The Namibian ya Toivo 90th birthday supplement ed.
The New York Times. Confidente Newspaper. Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 27 May A Life for Freedom. University Press of Kentucky.
South African History Online. Retrieved 9 June Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved New Era. Takaisin - Maucca & Jelo - Toivo 13 June Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 9 March Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 8 July South African Government Information.
Archived from the original on 1 March Retrieved 4 October Archived from the original on 11 January Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 8 September Tambo Namibian revolutionaries South West African anti-apartheid activists. Namespaces Article Talk.
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