A number of African National Congress ANC members broke away because they objected to the substitution of the Programme of Action with the Freedom Charter adopted inwhich used multiracialist language rather than nonracialist Africanist affirmations.
Further they objected to the inclusion of other national groups such as the Communist Party of South Africa. On 21 Marchthe PAC organised a campaign against pass laws. People gathered in the townships of Sharpeville and Langa where Sobukwe and other top leaders were arrested and later convicted for incitement. Sobukwe was sentenced to three years and Potlako Leballo to two years in prison.
Sobukwe died in Kimberley, Cape Province, of lung cancer. It is Pan Africanism with three principles of African nationalismsocialismand continental unity. Du Bois. The PAC has been beset by infighting and has had numerous changes of leadership since its transition to a political party. InClarence Makwetuwho led the party in the electionswas removed Azania* - Down With Aparthied the basis of "bringing the party into disrepute'.
In Augustthe PAC elected Alton Mphethi as president, after previous leader Letlapa Mphahlele was expelled in May amidst allegations of attempting to cause division in the party, financial impropriety and poor quality leadership. A faction of the PAC continued to regard Mphahlele as leader.
The matter was resolved in the courts, with Mpheti eventually being confirmed as party leader for the election. Mpheti has since been charged with murder for the death of a Swazi national, Mthunzi Mavundla. Luthando Mbinda was elected president Azania* - Down With Aparthied the congress in Botshabelo, while Letlapa Mphahlele was elected in July in Manguang.
Mbinda claimed that Mphahlele's election was not valid, as he was not a valid member, Azania* - Down With Aparthied Mphahlele is challenging his expulsion in court. Mbinda was subsequently charged by the PAC and later expelled for bringing the organisation into disrepute. The current president, Narius Moloto was elected party Azania* - Down With Aparthied in December Sad Lady - Buddy Bohn - A Drop In The Ocean Infighting continued after the electionswith leader Narius Moloto unilaterally dissolving the party's structures, a decision which was later set aside by the courts.
In Augustin Limpopo, one faction elected Moments - Bryn Haworth - Grand Arrival as leader, while a Hark The Herald Angels Sing - CCC Singers - The Ultimate Christmas Party Mix later in Bloemfontein, another faction elected Mzwanele Nyhontso as leader.
In Octoberthe Independent Electoral Commission recognised Nyhontso as the legitimate party leader. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the meetings of African political leaders in the 20th century, see Pan-African Congress. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Pan Africanist Congress of Azania. Politics of South Africa Political parties Elections.
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